When it comes to downloading Software, then almost all of us look for Free software the most on the Internet. While doing this, we also go many free software miles, but do you know that most of these free software is only open source software so that we can easily download them for free.
Now you must be thinking that why would someone give their own made software to download for free, why they do not charge money for it etc. If such questions are also arising in your mind, then you must read this article about what is open source software and how it works. Here you will get a lot of information related to Open Source software.
By the way, these open source software are generally free software that you can use in your work. Open-source developers make them deliberately, were to make their source code publicly available so that other people can benefit from it.
They publish them with an open-source license – which means that other developers can also see your code and add something to it. For example, Open Office, Mozilla Firefox, Wikipedia, while the GNU / Linux operating system and its derivative Android, an operating system that is used in mobile devices.
If you want to know more about open source software then you have to read this article completely. I hope you are going to get a lot of knowledge in the end. Which you might not find anywhere else on the Internet in Hindi. So without delay let’s start.
what is open source software?
Open-source software (OSS) is called software whose source code is completely viewable and changeable by the public. Saying this, it is open. Whereas when the source code is not viewable and changeable by the public, then such software is called closed or proprietary software.
Note Source code is called the behind-the-scenes programming part of any software that users usually cannot see. All those instructions and instructions are laid out in the source code, how the software works and how all the features of the software work. The access to the source code is only with the developers.
Changes and modifications can be done very easily in this free software based on the users’ preferences. Users have freedom so that they can modify, change, and even share their source code. But all these things happen only under a license agreement for a user or a particular organization.
open-source software list
Here you will find a list of all popular open-source operating systems as well as examples of completely open-source software. [ source ]
Sugar on a Stick
Characteristics of open source software
There are also some characteristics of these free software that are very important to know.
Distribution can be done freely. Its source code is completely accessible, while the source code can be modified by anyone and these modifications can also be distributed to others.
These open-source software are mostly evolved via the support of the community and based on the development strategy adopted by them. In return, they help to improve the quality of the software, and active participation of these communities is also highly encouraged.
Companies that used to promote proprietary software are now adopting these open source software because of their having so many features. For example, the UNIX kernel is most commonly used in open source projects.
The meaning of open source software
Open Source Software (OSS) is software that is distributed along with source code that any user can read or modify.
The OSS community generally agrees to open-source software that adheres to the following criteria:
This program can be distributed freely.
Source code has to be included in the program.
Anyone should be able to modify its source code.
Whereas modified versions of the source code also have to be redistributed.
Whereas an open-source software license should not interfere with the operation of any other software.
Where traditional software is distributed in an unchangeable compiled format, open-source software is delivered in both compiled and non-compiled formats, making it available for open code modification.
Whereas under a traditional software license, these privileges are reserved only for copyright holders.
How does open-source software work?
Viewed from a business user perspective, open-source software works much like proprietary software systems that are provided by commercial software firms.
The biggest difference in this is that generally, you do not have to pay any money for it. At the same time, there are some other differences in this – as users using this open-source software are effectively co-developers, while they are also suggesting new ways to improve them and also to remove bugs. also, help.
This means that if you want, you can modify it according to your needs, you can also port them to other new operating systems and also share with others.
What is the difference between open-source software and other types of software?
In some software, only a few people, teams, or organizations that have created them have control over the source code — and they also maintain their exclusive control — can modify them. Such type of software is called ” proprietary ” or ” closed source ” software.
In this, only the original developers of this proprietary software can legally copy, inspect, and modify this software. Whereas, to use this proprietary software, computer users have to agree to its rules and regulations (usually you see this while installing the software when you run it for the first time), whereas users with it only You can do only as much as the software creators are allowed to do.
For example, Microsoft Office and Adobe Photoshop are such proprietary software.
Whereas open source software is very different. Their authors make their source code available to everyone so that anyone can view them, copy them, modify them according to their own. For example, LibreOffice and GNU Image Manipulation Program are open-source software.
Is open-source software important only to computer programmers?
The simple answer to this is no. Both open source technology and open source thinking are very useful for programmers and non-programmers.
Since earlier inventors have mostly used open source technologies to build the Internet—such as the Linux Operating System and Apache Web server applications—any user who is using the Internet can only use these open-source software. It is for your benefit.
Whenever a user views web pages, checks email, chats with friends, streams music online, or plays multiplayer video games on their computers, mobile phones, or gaming consoles, then When it connects to computers on a global network, it is unknowingly using correct but open-source software to route and transmit data to its “local” devices.
This makes it clear that open-source software is not only used by programmers but also by all other people. They are all around us and we are using them unknowingly.
What are the licenses for open-source software?
Although many licenses are used in these open-source projects, it depends on which developers are preferring more for their programs.
The GPL, or GNU (General Public License), is most commonly used in many open-source projects, such as Linux. Along with the definition of open-source mentioned above, the terms of the GPL clearly specify that, if someone modifies an open-source program and also distributes a derivative work, then they should be accompanied by it. The source code also has to be distributed.
Understand this in easy language, then if any person creates a closed-source program using any open-source code, they also have to return it to the community after releasing that modified version. Otherwise, he may not get a penalty for it.
At the same time, there are some other licenses as well, such as the BSD license, which put very few restrictions on the developers. If a program comes under the BSD license, then it can use the source code of any open source program and prepare the software according to it.
In this, there is no need for them to release this modified version. Developers like this license more because it gives them so many discounts.
Why do people prefer to use open-source software?
Most people prefer open-source software to proprietary software because there are many reasons for this, about which we are going to know further:
Compared to Proprietary software, people have more control over this open-source software. Here they can examine the code themselves, while according to their needs, they can also make modifications to it. Whereas non-programmers can also use them according to their own.
Other people like them becabecome better programmers by using them. Since their source codes are publicly accessible, students can easily read them and learn a lot from them and make better software.
At the same time, students can also share their modified work with others so that they can know their point of view so that they can increase their developing skills.
Some people like this software because they find it more secure than proprietary software. Updates keep coming in it from time to time, where its errors are published properly. That’s why they like it more.
Most users prefer to use this software for their important long-term projects. This is because by doing this they do not have to worry about the source code of their software.
Because in cases of proprietary software, if the original creator ever stops working, then they may have a lot of trouble with it in the future. Whereas open source software works, both incorporates and operates according to open standards.
Does “open source” only mean free of charge?
The answer is absolute no. This is a very common misconception about “ open source ”, here it is not only about money.
Open-source software programmers can also charge money for this open-source software that they have created or contributed to.
But in most cases, to get an open-source license, they also have to release its source code in many places when they think of selling it. Whereas some programmers feel that they can get more money for their software services and support, and not just for the software. That’s why they make their software free most of the time while helping people by troubleshooting their problems.
Benefits of open-source software
So let’s know about the benefits of Open Source software.
OSS allows programmers to collaborate together so that they can improve the software. For which they fix the errors in it which are in the code (bug fixes), along with they also update the software so that they can work in new technology. Apart from this, they are also helpful in developing new features in it.
With this group collaboration approach, new features in these open source projects also come very quickly and are released very frequently.
This software is very stable so that more programmers can find its errors, and its security updates can also be implemented better than other proprietary software programs.
OSS is often free. But in some cases, you also have to pay extra costs for these software programs for technical support and some services.
Advantages of open source software
Let us know about the advantages of Open Source Software.
1. They are generally free – It has been estimated that these open-source software collectively save businesses that are valued at about $60 billion a year. In today’s time, you can easily get an open-source version of each paid proprietary software system instead.
2. They are constantly evolving in real-time because developers keep adding and modifying many things in them, which means that it is of better quality and is also more secure, while there is a possibility of having bugs in them. The possibilities are very less compared to proprietary systems.
3. Using these open-source software also shows that you are not restricted to using the systems of any particular vendor which works only on their devices.
4. You can also modify and adapt this software according to your requirements, which may not be possible with proprietary systems.
Disadvantages of open source software
Now let’s know about the disadvantages of Open Source Software.
1. Since there are no requirements in this to make it a commercial product so that money can be generated, open-source software develops more according to its own and not according to the requirements of the users.
2. This is the reason that they are very less ” user-friendly “because not much importance is given to its user interface.
3. In these, support is often negligible. Due to this if there is any problem then you have to depend on their forum and community to get the solution to that problem. Which can be a bit irritating.
4. Although these open source software are mostly free in themselves, some indirect costs are also involved in them, as you may have to pay for external support.
5. Due to being an open system, many people are involved in it, which helps a lot in finding its bugs. At the same time, some people can also misuse these vulnerabilities (weaknesses) of the software.
6. Since Open Source Software is not very user-friendly, you also need to have some technical knowledge to understand and use them properly. Otherwise, you may have to depend on others for even basic functionalities.
Who is called the father of open source software?
Richard Stallman is called the father of Open Source software or Free Software. This is because he was the first to develop free software in 1984.
what did you learn today?
I hope that you must have liked my article What is Open Source Software (What is Open Source Software in Hindi). It has always been my endeavor to provide complete information about the open-source software list to the readers so that they do not have to search any other sites or the internet in the context of that article. This will also save their time and they will also get all the information in one place.
If you have any doubts about this article or you want that there should be some improvement in it, then you can write low comments for this.
If you liked this post What is Open Source Software or got to learn something, then please share this post on Social Networks like Facebook, Twitter, etc.